Discrimination and Harassment Policy
As we strive to build a healthy, sustainable, and compassionate food system, we must also think about how to build a healthy, sustainable, and compassionate movement. This means creating a culture of equity, safety and respect among all who work in this movement.
Reducetarian Foundation is committed to providing a safe working environment for all its employees, free from discrimination and harassment, including sexual harassment. In addition to complying with federal and state nondiscrimination laws, the goal of this policy is to (a) protect employees from discrimination and harassment, including employees not covered by existing law, and (b) create a culture where every individual is treated with respect.
Reducetarian Foundation will operate a zero tolerance policy for discrimination or harassment in the workplace by investigating any complaint made by or about an employee. Any employee found to have harassed or discriminated against another will face disciplinary action, up to and including dismissal from employment.
All allegations of discrimination or harassment will be taken seriously, promptly investigated, and there will be no retaliation for making such allegations. Complaints will be confidential and records will be kept in a confidential file, not in the complainant’s personnel file. Limited disclosure may be required in order to conduct an investigation, or in the case of imminent danger to the employee.
Reducetarian Foundation recognizes that harassment, particularly sexual harassment, can be a manifestation of power relationships and often occurs between a supervisor and direct report, or between a donor and fundraiser. However, harassment can occur between any two or more people, regardless of their sex or gender identity and whether or not they are in a position of power. Reducetarian Foundation understands the need to support employees in making complaints and supervisors in modeling appropriate behavior.
Reducetarian Foundation recognizes that sexual harassment can occur between people of the same sex or gender, including those who don’t identify with a specific gender. During business travel, no employee will be required to share a bedroom with a person of a different sex or gender, or any other person that would result in their feeling vulnerable or unsafe. The employee must inform their supervisor if they’re uncomfortable rooming with a particular sex, gender, or person.
No policy can prescribe what should be done on every occasion because circumstances vary. If employees need help or advice about a particular situation or circumstance, employees are encouraged to contact their supervisor or a Designated Person.
Discrimination is the differential treatment of an employee on the basis of race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy), national origin, age, disability, genetic information, or any other factor that is legislatively protected in the country in which you work (“Protected Classes”). Per federal law, discrimination is illegal in work-related decisions including hiring, firing, pay, job assignments, promotions, layoff, training, fringe benefits, and any other term or condition of employment.
Harassment is unwelcome conduct including physical, verbal, and nonverbal behaviors, and results in a hostile environment. Per federal law, harassment is illegal when unwelcome conduct is related to any of the Protected Classes and when enduring the conduct becomes a condition of continued employment, or the conduct is so severe or pervasive that a reasonable person would consider the working environment intimidating, hostile, or abusive.
Reducetarian Foundation recognizes that existing federal and state nondiscrimination laws cannot cover all types of behavior or groups of people. Reducetarian Foundation further defines discrimination as differential treatment of any person with regard to work-related decisions based on any characteristics outside of professional qualifications, and harassment as unwelcome conduct against any person where they feel threatened, publicly humiliated, or intimidated.
The workplace is any place where work-related activities are conducted, including, but not limited to, the physical work premises, work-related conferences or training sessions, work-related travel, work-related social functions, such as dinners with donors, and work-related electronic communication, such as email, chat, text, phone calls, and virtual meetings.
A Designated Person is an employee, board member, mediator, or other professional who Reducetarian Foundation determines is qualified to receive and investigate discrimination and harassment complaints. Each Designated Person will read and sign a copy of this policy and complete a yearly discrimination and harassment training. There is no requirement for a particular gender identity, racial identity, sexual orientation, or other characteristic. Reducetarian Foundation acknowledges that this definition may need be revised in the future.
Examples of harassment include, but are not limited to:
- Humiliation in front of coworkers
- Repeated unwelcome remarks or jokes
- Exercising, attempting to exercise, or threatening to exercise physical force against an employee in the workplace that causes or could cause physical injury to the employee
- Comments that promote stereotyping of any of the Protected Classes
- Comments related to an employee’s ethnic, racial, or religious affiliation, or their sexual orientation, gender, or age, that are publicly humiliating, offensive, threatening, or that undermine the employee’s role in a professional environment
Sexual harassment is unwanted conduct that is sexual in nature. Examples of sexual harassment include, but are not limited to:
- Unwelcome physical contact including touching, patting, pinching, stroking, kissing, hugging
- Sexual comments, stories, and jokes, including bragging about sexual prowess
- Repeated and unwanted social invitations for dates or physical intimacy
- The use of job-related threats or rewards to solicit sexual favors
- Comments on an employee’s appearance or private life
- Display of sexually explicit or suggestive material
- Insults based on the sex or gender identity of the worker
- Physical violence, including sexual assault
- Sending sexually explicit messages
- Sexually-suggestive gestures
- Reducetarian Foundation will provide this policy to paid staff, interns, and independent contractors who perform work for Reducetarian Foundation on an ongoing basis.
- Paid staff and interns will additionally sign the policy to indicate that they have read and understood it as a part of their introduction to employment at Reducetarian Foundation.
- It is the responsibility of every supervisor to ensure that all of their employees are aware of this policy.
Reducetarian Foundation recognizes the importance of monitoring this policy and will anonymously collect data to understand how it is used and if it is effective. The following will occur on an ongoing basis (as specified):
- At their annual review, all employees will attend a refresher-training on the content of this policy. Within a week of employees completing the training, supervisors will reach out to their direct reports individually to ask if the employee would like to schedule time for questions about the policy.
- Six months after the annual review, Designated Persons will reach out to all employees individually to discuss whether the employee has witnessed or experienced discrimination or harassment. Designated Persons will determine how best to communicate with employees.
- As part of the annual refresher course and follow-up, and at the six-month follow-up, supervisors will confirm that employees know the names and contact information for the Designated Persons and the resource for anonymous complaints.
- Designated Persons will report the number of incidents, their resolutions, and any recommendations to the President.
- The President will discuss these statistics with all supervisors and the full Board of Directors.
- The organization will evaluate the policy and make any changes needed.
- Every six months, the President will determine if there are any independent contractors who perform work for Reducetarian Foundation on an ongoing basis and who haven’t already received the policy. The President will deliver this policy to any who are identified.
Employees are encouraged to keep a written record of the date, time, details of the incident(s), and witnesses, if any. Where employees are comfortable doing so, they can attempt to resolve their concerns by directly communicating disapproval to the person whose conduct is offensive.
If an employee doesn’t feel comfortable approaching the alleged harasser to ask them to stop their behavior, or if the alleged harasser continues the behavior after being asked to stop, the employee can approach a designated staff member responsible for receiving discrimination and harassment complaints. When the Designated Person receives a complaint, they will:
- Record the dates, times, and facts of the incident(s).
- Ensure that the complainant understands the procedure for resolving the complaint.
- Identify the outcome wanted by the complainant.
- Discuss and agree on next steps: either an informal or formal complaint, with the understanding that resolving the matter informally will not prevent the complainant from pursuing a formal complaint if they are not satisfied with the outcome.
- Inform the complainant that they have the right to contact legal counsel, such as the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) or other legal counsel, if they think this is necessary.
- Respect the choice of the complainant
- Keep a confidential record of all discussions.
- Ensure that the above is completed within 3 days of initial discussion of the complaint.
If the employee decides to resolve the matter informally, the Designated Person will:
- Give the alleged harasser an opportunity to respond to the complaint.
- Ensure the alleged harasser understands the procedure for resolving the complaint.
- If the complainant is comfortable, facilitate discussion between both parties to achieve an informal resolution that is acceptable to the complainant.
- If the complainant is not comfortable, achieve an informal resolution by speaking with the complainant and alleged harasser separately.
- If the Designated Person is unable to achieve an informal solution that is acceptable to the complainant, consult the President, who may refer the matter to a mediator.
- Keep a confidential record of all actions taken to resolve the complaint.
- Inform the President of the complaint, maintaining the anonymity of the parties to the fullest extent possible; in the case where the President is the alleged victim or harasser, inform a member of the board of directors.
- Ensure that the above is completed within 7 days of receiving the complaint. In the case where the Designated Person has difficulty completing these items within 7 days, they may work with another Designated Person to complete their duties.
- Follow up 2 weeks after the discussion to ensure that the behavior has stopped.
If the employee wants to make a formal complaint, or if the informal complaint mechanism does not lead to a satisfactory outcome for the complainant, a formal complaint should be made. At the time of the formal complaint, the Designated Person who initially received the complaint will form a committee of all Designated Persons currently responsible for receiving complaints. In the case that a Designated Person has a conflict of interest due to their relationship with the complainant or alleged harasser, or for another reason, they will excuse themselves from the investigation. This committee will proceed to investigate the complaint, or refer the matter to an outside investigator.
Note: The steps below are written assuming the committee is carrying out the investigation.
An investigation will be carried out:
- Inform the President of the complaint, maintaining the anonymity of the parties to the fullest extent possible. In the case where the President is the victim or alleged harasser, inform a member of the board of directors.
- Interview the employee and their alleged harasser separately.
- Interview other relevant third parties, such as witnesses, separately.
- Produce a report detailing the investigations, findings, and any recommendations. The committee may not be able to determine whether the incident(s) of harassment took place. For this reason, the committee will focus on a remedy that is appropriate to the alleged incident and ensures proper functioning of the workplace.
A remedy will be determined and implemented:
After completing the investigation, the committee of Designated Persons will consult with the complainant on their preference for a remedy, i.e. a plan for future interactions that is acceptable to all parties, an apology, a change to working arrangements, a promotion if the complainant was demoted as a result of the harassment, training for the alleged harasser, discipline, suspension, or dismissal. Based on the complainant’s input and the results of the investigation, the committee will determine a remedy. If necessary, the committee will consult with the President regarding the appropriate remedy.
- Keep a confidential record of all actions taken to resolve the complaint.
- Follow up after 1 week to ensure that the recommendations are implemented, that the behavior has stopped, and that the complainant is satisfied with the outcome.
- If the complainant is not satisfied with the outcome, consult with them to determine why the remedy was not satisfactory and if another remedy is available.
- Ensure that the above is completed within 30 days of the complaint.
Note: In the case where an employee makes multiple complaints against the same alleged harasser, and the Designated Person(s) believes the complaints may be a form of harassment, the complainant may face disciplinary action.
Witnessing Discrimination and Harassment
Any employee who becomes aware of discrimination or harassment in the workplace, even if they are not directly involved, is expected to report the incident to a Designated Person. The Designated Person will document the incident and consult with the alleged victim to determine if the victim would like to file a complaint. If the alleged victim chooses to file a complaint, the Designated Person will proceed as defined above with regard to informal and formal complaints. If the alleged victim doesn’t choose to file a complaint, documentation of the alleged incident will be retained confidentially so that if the alleged victim or harasser is involved in another complaint or accusation, Designated Persons can consult documentation of the previous complaint.
Complaints Against Third Parties
Reducetarian Foundation recognizes that an employee can be subject to harassment from a non-employee who supports or conducts business with Reducetarian Foundation, such as a donor, overnight host, contractor, consultant, or volunteer (“third party”). An employee who believes that they have been harassed by a third party is encouraged to file a complaint with a Designated Person. The Designated Person will document the complaint and take whatever action is appropriate in the circumstances. For example, if a fundraiser files a complaint about a donor, the Designated Person may, with the permission of the employee, recommend to their supervisor that the employee no longer be required to work with that donor.
Complaints By Third Parties
Reducetarian Foundation recognizes that a non-employee can be subject to harassment from Reducetarian Foundation employees, such as a volunteer being harassed by an employee at a work-related conference. If a non-employee believes that they have been harassed by an employee and reports the conduct to a Reducetarian Foundation employee, contractor, or board member, the third party will be referred to a Designated Person. The Designated Person will follow the procedure for informal and formal complaints above.
An employee or third party may file an anonymous complaint by contacting a professional mediator who is not an employee of Reducetarian Foundation. The identity of the complainant will be known to the mediator, but not to staff at Reducetarian Foundation. The mediator will communicate the complaint to a Designated Person at Reducetarian Foundation while keeping the identity of the complainant anonymous. Reducetarian Foundation will not be able to conduct a thorough investigation without interviewing the alleged witness or victim. However, if the complainant identifies a harasser, the Designated Person will interview the alleged harasser and keep a confidential record of both the complaint and the response from the alleged harasser.
Reducetarian Foundation endeavors to grow and learn, providing room for improvement in writing and implementing this policy, in the hope that the activists associated with Reducetarian Foundation will contribute to a fair and respectful culture.